What is a Web Development Framework and how does it function?
A web development framework (WDF) or web application framework (WAF) is a software framework, which has been designed to support the development of web applications that include different web services, web resources, and web application programming interface (API).
Web development frameworks are technically build to support the construction of internet applications. They provide an easy way to write and build web applications on the overall Web.
Frameworks provide a basic outline of the app development that boosts up further working. Different development frameworks support different programming languages.
Why are frameworks necessary in Python?
Python is the most demanded language and ranks number one. It is because it is a high-level language and has a lot of frameworks available.
Using frameworks makes it a lot easier for programmers to focus on major and important things rather than correcting minor errors.
All the frameworks have their own unique features, which helps them stand in the market. Here we will be discussing the top 5 web development frameworks for Python.
Key Terms that are must know:
1. Open Source:
It denotes software whose original source code is available for free.
2. Full Stack Framework:
It is a term used for programming tools that contain both front and back end frameworks.
3. Micro Framework:
These frameworks are less developed than full-stack frameworks and only contain either the back or front end.
Different web development frameworks for Python:
Django, TurboGears, Web2py, CubicWeb, Dash, Giotto, Grok, Jam.py, Pylons, Reahl, Websauna, Zope, Bottle, CherryPy, Falcon, Flask, Growler, Hug, MorePath, Picnic, Pylons, Pyramids, Sanic, and Tornado are some of the handy frameworks.
But the list can go even longer. From this large list, the most beneficial frameworks are selected according to their performances and are mentioned below.
Top 5 Web Development Framework for Python:
+It starts from the easiest of all framework, Bottle. It is a micro-framework for Python that is super easy to start with, making it popular for beginners.
It is lightweight and is a single file module depending only upon Python Standard Library. It is designed mainly for creating APIs, and its built-in features include: templating, routing and abstraction of WSGI standards.
It is best suitable for small web applications. Though it is powerful software, it works best for small applications.
Contrary to the easiest framework, Pyramid is one of the most complicated and high functioning frameworks. It is a full-stack, lightweight and Model View Controller (MVC) framework.
It functions from the very step to the complicated process without lagging. Its working and complexity are very similar to Django.
Its built-in features consist of routing and has a highly customizable user interface. Operating Pyramid can be a tough task for beginners, while it can be a helpful framework for professionals.
After knowing the easiest and most complex framework, now we are going to talk about one of the fastest development frameworks.
It is a back-end micro-framework written in Python and is also highly dependable and faster than other frameworks. Many popular websites like Netflix used CherryPy for their back-end working. It supports built-in features like encoding, encrypting, testing and caching.
It also provides the user with the map routing feature. The unique quality of this framework is that the user has the freedom to use any relational object mapper.
TurboGear is an open-source kind of framework that simplifies complex coding, fastens and eases the overall process of working.
Some of its unique features are: providing real multi-database support, a framework based on MVC. It merges all the complex components of Python and forms a simplified version of it.
It is known to be the most user-friendly framework as it brings it all to one level for beginners and professionals. After the new launch of TurboGear, the WSGI has become fully customizable.
Web2Py is also an open-source full-stack( back-end and front-end combined) web development framework written in Python. It reduces the workload as it is a full-stack framework and paces up the user.
It consists of various IDE’s like Node.js and Angular.js. The only limitation of this framework is that it does have any CVS(Concurrent Versions System) module, which means that there is no database.
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